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Friday, March 2, 2018

Jesse's story- 1784-1805 Land issues


We can imagine that the decade of Revolution (1775-1883) and the fearful British occupation Georgia- including the capitals of Savannah and Augusta, had a disastrous effect on the security of the new settlers in Georgia.

After the revolution, Georgia claimed lands all the way westward to the Mississippi River.

The Georgia government used these lands to issue land grants to those Georgia patriots who had fought the British. However, the government soon realized that there were many fraudulent certificates being issued by former commanding officers to their troops in the patriot army, as well as to Georgia citizens who had remained supportive of the patriot cause. Elijah Clarke and Ignatius Few were among those who issued many certificates during this time.

The Land office in Augusta, Georgia, opened its doors on May 29, 1784, to accept the vouchers in exchange for land warrents, only to find that there were numerous duplicates. There was a riot, and the documents were scattered outside the building.

 A private in the Georgia Militia, or refugee private (those who had to flee from their homes during the British occupation and who had then fought in other colonies) was entitled to 287 1/2 acres of land. The amounts of land issued went up with rank, with captains receiving nearly 600 acres of land and brigadier generals receiving nearly 2000 acres.


Jesse Womack was one of those patriots. On October, 1784, he received a certificate from Brigadier General John Twiggs for 787.5  acres in Washington County, Georgia. This land was surveyed on March 25, 1785. It was on Deep Creek in Washington County, bounded on one side by E Lamar, and vacant on the other sides.

p. 421- Georgia's Roster of the Revolution compiled by Lucian Lamar Knight,



A head of household could receive 200 acres of land for himself, and more for family members or slaves. Many of those receiving land grants from the war sold them. It does not appear that Jesse settled in that area, preferring to move farther westward- in 1802 he received a passport to travel through the Creek Nation to lands further west.



https://www.amazon.com/WASHINGTON-COUNTY-LAND-WARRANTS-1784-1787-ebook/dp/B00NWSE5TE


The hunger for westward lands increased with a great momentum, fired by the Yazoo Act of 1795, which sold over half of the land in present day Alabama and Mississippi to four companies for $ 500,000. It appears that the Womack family received lands in the area disbursed by the Georgia Mississippi Comany.

Courtesy of Georgia Info, Digital Library of Georgia

 In 1796, amidst claims of bribery and corruption, Georgia's legislators issued a Rescinding Act, nullifying these claims. The Act was signed by the Womack family's friend and neighbor, now Governor Jared Irwin.

Jared Irwin



 The records connecting with the sales were burned outside of the State Capital building in Louisville.





In the Compact of 1802, Georgia agreed to relinquish its claims to Alabama and Mississippi to the Federal government in exchange for $1.25 million. This money was used to settle disputed Yazoo claims.

In 1805, Georgia held the first land lottery, selling land for 4 cents an acre to Georgia residents. Any family could enter the lottery, and names were picked from a drum to choose those who won. Seven other lotteries followed (1805, 1807, 1820, and 1827), with former Creek lands being dispersed at an average of 7 cents per acres. More and more Georgians were heading west.







Gigantino, Jim. "Land Lottery System." New Georgia Encyclopedia. 02 August 2016. Web. 22 February 2017.

Thursday, February 8, 2018

September 2017 Trip to Colonial Virginia




Sept 19- 

The Trading Post at Petersburg

We met cousin Martha Kenley Dolliver at Dulles Airport and, after experiencing a taste of D.C. rush hour traffic, made it to Petersburg, Virginia just in time to enjoy dinner at Saucy's Barbecue. After filling up with smoked brisket and pulled pork we drove a few blocks to see "Peter Jones Trading Station which was an eerie sight with the stone ruins lit up with spotlights in the dark. We went back to visit it in the daylight later in our trip!

Trading Post at Petersburg, Virginia

Peter Jones was the son-in-law of Abraham Wood, who manned the fort here when Richard Womack the Adventurer was trading with the Indians for William Byrd I in the 1600's. It would have been from this fort/trading post that Richard left when he made his final, fateful trip in 1684. William Byrd wrote back to England...

"Old Sturdivant, his son, Millner, Shipy, Womacke, and Hugh Cassell were all killed by Indians in their return from the Westward, about 30 miles beyond Ochanechee..."

The Occaneechee Trail led 80 miles from Fort Henry in Petersburg to the Occaneechi Town on the Virginia border (near what is now Occaneechi State Park.) We think that Richard Womack was in his thirties at the time of his death- he left a wife (Mary Puckett- who was remarried to John Granger) and four young children. 

Tensions with the Indians had been running high, and Henrico County, where Richard lived, was on the western frontier and subject to attacks. The governor, William Berkeley, was not popular with the settlers in Henrico; they felt he was too passive regarding the Indian issues, and that he was establishing unfair rules regulating trading. Richard's employer,William Byrd I, who was a friend and neighbor of Nathaniel Bacon, encouraged him to form a local militia to drive out the Indians from nearby lands. This was the beginning of Bacon's Rebellion- an attempt to take over the government from Berkeley. Many men from Henrico were among the 600 followers of the Rebellion, but we do not know if Richard was one of them.

We found our hotel at Colonial Heights and were glad for a rest!

Sept 20-

 Did Richard Womack burn Jamestown?

We took a ferry across the James River to Jamestown. Bacon's supporters attacked Jamestown in September 1676. While the governor fled to safety, Bacon's men burned the capital to the ground. We viewed the reconstructed early capital of Virginia.

On the south side of the James River to Surrey, Virginia, we viewed a Jacobean brick structure known as "Bacon's Castle." 


"Bacon's Castle" home of Arthur Allen, looted by Bacon's supporters in 1676
This beautiful home was not owned by Bacon, but by a loyal supporter of Governor Berkeley, who was chased from his home in the fall of 1676 by Bacon's supporters, who  stayed in the home for several months, drinking his wine and feasting on his cattle. It was these actions that caused William Byrd to withdraw his support form the rebellion and return his loyalty to the governor.  If Richard Womack was involved in the rebellion, it was likely that he followed his employers political decision at this time, which may have saved his life. 

The death of Bacon by "bloody flux" and "lousey disease" led to an end of the rebellion. Berkeley regained power, hanging many of the rebels.

On a happier note, we ate dinner overlooking "Graybill Creek" at the Surrey Seafood Company. Something bit my eye, causing it to swell, and the owner rushed out, thinking it was an allergic reaction. A bit of ice and it was fine the next day.

On the way back to our hotel we stopped at Weston Manor overlooking the Appomattox River. We also saw Appomattox plantation, which was Grant's headquarters during the civil war.


Appomattox Plantation


Sept 21- 

Brick Beauties


Richard Kennon's Brick House

We drove to Richard Kennon's Brick House. Richard Kennon was a contemporary of the Womack's who was their neighbor on Swift Creek and the Appomattox River. 


Swift Creek

We toured Blandford Church, which was in Bristol Parish, the parish that the Womack's worshipped in. This simple church has hidden treasures- Tiffany stained glass windows representing each of the Confederate states. We couldn't take pictures, but these were the most impressive examples of stained glass that we had ever seen, with colors changing and illuminating the interior of the building in a most amazing way.


Blandford Church

We drove across the river to Upper Shirley Vineyards on the James River and had a nice lunch and wine-tasting.


Martha at Upper Shirley Vineyards
Janice at Shirley Vineyards

It was a longer drive than we expected to find the remote colonial home of Eppington at Winterpock. The Womack's had land at Winterpock which was eventually sold to the grandfather of Thomas Jefferson. The Eppes family built this home there, and Thomas Jefferson (the president) sent his daughters to stay there with Eppes relatives while he was ambassador to France.


Janice at Eppington Plantation at Winterpock

That night we had dinner at the Brickhouse English Pub in Petersburg.

Sept 22

The Road Home


Monticello

Martha at the Monticello gardens

We drove from Colonial Heights to Thomas Jefferson's home at Monticello and enjoyed a tour there, followed by lunch at the historic Michie Tavern.


Michie Tavern

Tired and anxious to head back home to WV, we were barely on the highway when the muffler broke off the van and we had to be towed to a repair shop where we spent several hours before we could continue our drive.

WV

We spent a few days relaxing at home in WV, visiting with Cat Hainfeld at her art gallery, viewing local sights, and bird watching. Tuesday we headed back to the airport, and Martha caught her flight, while Kerry and I had lunch with our grandson, Gabe. All in all, a great week!


Dolly Sods WV





Wednesday, September 13, 2017

1697 Will of Thomas Womack- Richard's brother

Henrico County Deeds, Wills 1688-1697

From Thomas' will, it is shown that Abraham Womack (also Richard and John) were his brothers

Pucketts- brother (inlaw) Thomas Puckett, cousin Elizabeth Puckett, godson Thomas Puckett, Mary-dtr of Will Puckett, Frances dtr of Thomas Puckett

Baughs- goddaughter Catherine Baugh

John Granger (2nd husband of Richard Womack's widow, Mary Puckett Womack)

Witnessed by Henry Walthall and James Baugh

In the name of god Amen
 Know all Christian people that I Thomas Womack of the County of Henrico and parish of Bristoll being Weak of body but of Sound Memory & under Standing doe here make my last will and Testament Revoaking all others formerly be me made bequathing of my personall Estate in manner and forme following.
 Item I Bequath my Sole to god that gave it mee trusting in the meritts of Jesus Christ my Saviour and Redeemer that at the General resurrection of the Last day my Soul and body Shall be united to gether and to rest with my redeemer in Glory amen.

21y I doe give to my godson Thomas Puckett my new four foot Chest

Item I doe give to my Couzen Elisabeth Puckett one Cow Browing Shee being great with Calfe

Item I doe give to my god Daughter Catherine Baugh one heifer of two yeares old

Item I doe give to my godson Thomas Puckett one heifer of four years old

I doe give to my Brother Thomas Puckett one Steer of three years old and a two
years old heifer and my hoggs like wise I give to my brother Thomas Puckett

Item I give to my Brother Thomas Puckett my Mare Colt

Item I give to my godson Thomas Puckett my fether bed with all its furniture

Item I give to my Brother Abraham Womack my long gun

Item I give to my godson Thomas Pucket my Small Gunn

Item I give to John Granger one Muskett

I give to my godson Thomas Puckett one old pewter dish one new plate

Item I give to Cuzo: Eliz: Puckett one old pewter dish and one new plate

Item I give to Mary Puckett daughter of Will Puckett one new Small pewter dish & two new plates

Item I give to my Brother Abraham Womack two old Pewter dishes two old plates one new large pewter bason

Item I give to John Granger one pewter bason one old pewter Dish one old plate

Item I give to Frances Puckett daughter of Thomas Puckett one new Tankard two new plates

Item I give to my brother Abraham Womack one Suite of Stript Serge

Item I give all my Linnen and Wollen that is in my new Chest I Say all that is not bequeathed I doe give to Abra: Womack Will Puckett Tho: Puckett & John Granger to be Equally Shared amongst them

Item all my goods & Chattles not bequeath I give to Thomas Puckett & William
Puckett whome I leave Execrs of this my last will to pay my debts and make a
Deacent Buriall for testimony of the Same I have hereunto Set my hand &

Seale this 21st of jannuary 1697 Thm his marke
Testis Henry Walthall Seale of red wax
James Baugh Thomas Womack

Henrico County August 2d 1697 Proved in Court by the oaths of ye Subscribed
Wittnesses and farther confirmed by verdict of a jury Entred in ye other
book of Records Test James Cocke Cl Cur."

Mean John Womack- Richard's brother


Mean John Womack- Richard's brother

This website says it all!

Mean John Womack- brother of Richard

Womack wills and inventories in colonial Virginia


Richard Womack was killed by Indians in 1684. He left a wife, Mary Puckett (who later married John Granger) and son Richard Womack born in 1674/6, William born 1679, and ?

Henrico County Records, 1677-1692, Part 2, page 185 or 285:
Inventory of Richard Womack 1684

Augt: the 19th. 1684:
An Acct. of ye Appraisal: of ye estate of Mr. Richd. Womeck, the Apprizers Sworn before Fran. Epes: (Appraised value listed in casks of tobacco)
p. tobo. & cask

Two Steers 6 yrs old 1000
Two Steers 5 yrs growth 800
one Steer of 3 years 200
Seven Cowes 2300
Three yearling Heifers 450
Four yearling Calves 280
One horse Saddle & bridle 450
One Mare & Colt 500

one pr of old belts: 10
Two joynter Stocks & joynter 60
 1 pcell (parcel?) of old Coopr tools 130

 Eight trading knives, 2 tomahauks 20
three old guns 400
1 old tent, saw 30
1 sword and belt and form 300

 Two pds (pounds) of beads, 1 plow chain, 62
one ditto 60
330 pcell (parcels) skins 100
one small do 50

One Canvas tick fether bed 14,
blankets and rug, old 450
blankets and rug 550
One old feather bed blanketts 550
6 wooden? the half of a feather bed, rug, chairs 42, 92
blankett
1 warming pan
1 chamber pot
old press 80 (his JE mark- James Ekins senior)
one chest 30
one long table
one box of iron

16 old pewter Spoons 20
seven pewter dishes 130
1 pewter flagon 35
1 qrt pot 165
one brass ladle: 6 16 old
 Two old water pails 20
 Two Small Iron potts 80
1 pr of pot racks
1 dripping pan (JB his mark- John Baugh), 1 spit 35
One old brass kettle 380
 One fryeing pan, 1 Square

 Sworn to in Henco (Henrico) County Court ye first day of October 1684
 p. by me Fran. Epes (appraiser) by Mary Womack admn

Carryed over 7662
Test H Randolph Cl Cur p whom it recorded."

This Francis Epes (Known as  was the son of Col. Francis Eppes (below) and step son of Elizabeth Worsham Epes of Bermuda Hundred.  He married Anne Isham  (dtrof Henry Isham and Katherine Royall) He was justice of the peace in Henrico in 1683.

 Francis Epes in 1658 married Elizabeth Worsham, widow of Wm Worsham of Henrico. Her dtr. Elizabeth was the wife of Richard Kennon.

Col. Francis Eppes was a justice in Henrico County in 1664/5 and served in the House of Burgesses in 1670-6. In 1673 he was granted 927 acres on the north side of the Appomattox River on Swift Creek. He and the Henrico Militia with 46 horsemen acted in August 1678 when 150-200  Indians came down the James River in Henrico- Maj. Wm. Harris was killed and two militia wounded during this encounter. Col. Francis Eppes died of wounds. His father owned Hopewell farms which is now a Nat. Historical Park at City Point in Hopewell on the Appomattox.
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~poythress/Epes.html


 http://www.martinosworld.com/Genealogy/WomackDocuments.htm


The History of Swift Creek- other landowners


1620-

Charles Magnor-650 acres known as Conjurer's Field- west of Swift Creek bordered on the south by the Appomattox River

Samuel Sharp- east of Magnor, inland across the creek

Abraham Piercey-head of Ashen Swamp

1638-

John Baugh- 250 acres on the Appomattox from Swift Creek to Ashen Swamp- eventually increased his lands, selling to:

William Walthall- bought 750 acres from John Baugh

Ambrose Cobbs- east of Baugh, near the Point of Rocks

Abraham Wood- east of Cobbs- extensive land on both sides of the Appomattox- thousands of acres by mid 1600's, including the trading post known as Fort Henry established on Wood's land on the lower side of the Appomattox in 1644. By 1646 Fort Henry was the legal site of all Indian trade south of the James River.

South of the Appomattox-

Francis Eppes I- 1980 acres- Francis served as the Charles City County's burgess

1677- Francis Eppes II- 927 acres on the north side of the Appomattox on Swift Creek

1690- Francis Eppes III patented 580 acres of swampy land in Henrico known as Capt. Martin's Swamp (with 3 other landowners)

1690- Frances Eppes III, Richard Kennon, Joseph Royall and George Archer patented 2,827 acres on the north side of the Appomattox in Bristol Parish, Henrico County- on Worapock (Winterpock) Creek.

1703- Eppes, Archer, and their offspring patented 4,000 acres at the mouth of Winterpock Creek. (444 acres each)

1725- Thomas Jefferson (grandfather of the president) purchased 250 acres called Wintopock that had originally belonged to Richard Womack (Henrico County Deeds 1706-1737 p 16)


1646

A treaty with the Indians ceded land from the fall line of the James as far south as the Blackwater River- the land on the south of the James between the head of the Blackwater River and Old Manakin Town was reserved for Virginia planters. Eppington was within the land that was left to the Indians.

1670's- Nathaniel Bacon of Curles neck on the upper side of the James across from Bermuda Hundred claimed that the settlers near the head of the river were being harrassed by Indians. The people of Henrico county claimed that the forts built by Sir William Berkeley in 1676 were useless and that Indian attacks were not being addressed.  They felt that the Indian trade was being monopolized by high ranking government officials. They claimed they could not distinguish friendly Indians from foes and demanded a war against all Indians.

Bacon's Laws of 1676 allowed planters to occupy any land vacated by Indians- encouraging settlers to drive off existing tribes. A new treaty in 1677 allowed for peaceful relations, with a market for Indian trade at Manakin town on the south side of the James, and forts at the head of the four main rivers.

http://eppington.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/5/2014/06/A-Documentary-History-of-Eppington-Part-1.pdf



The History of Swift Creek- Abraham Piersey


Swift Creek, where the Womack's settled in Henrico County, was originally settled by Abraham Peirsey.

Abraham was an investor for the Virginia Company. He came to Virginia from his home in Maidstone, Kent, England, in 1616, on the "Susan" the first magazine ship for the Virginia Colony. He was authorized to trade freely, with expectations that he would sell the goods from his ship in exchange for tobacco and sassafras. After a successful voyage on the "Susan", he returned the following year on the "George" and stayed in Virginia.  By 1618 he was the "Cape Merchant" or Treasurer of the Virginia Colony. In 1619, the London Company gave him 200 acres for his service to the colony, the start of what became "Peirsey's Toile"- 1,150 acres on the upper side of the Appomattox River near Swift Creek and the Bermuda Hundred. He renamed this "Peirsey's Hundred." Peirsey traded with John Rolfe of Jamestown, among others.



On March 22, 1622, the Peirsey plantation on the Appomattox was attacked by Indians and four people were killed. At this point Peirsey was 45 years old. He testified in England that year regarding several charges against him. He returned to Virginia on July 31, 1622, on the "James." He was a member of the House of Burgesses in 1622 and the Council from 1624 until his death. However, he was not in Virginia when the census was made in February 1624.

Peirsey also owned the 1,000 acre Flowerdew Hundred Plantation, bought from Sir George Yeardley by 1624, and Weyanoke, 2,200 acres across the James.  By 1626 he had 1,150 acres on the Appomattox. He also had property in Jamestown. He was known as the second wealthiest man in Virginia at the time- with only Gov. Sir George Yeardley being wealthier. Besides his land, he had 29 bonded servants and 7 negroes.

Abraham died in Jamestown in 1628. The plantation went to his 2nd wife, Frances Greville, who later married Samuel Matthews. At her death in 1633, the plantation went to his daughter, Mary Peirsey Hill, who renamed it Flowerdieu Hundred. Abraham's daughter, Elizabeth Piercy, married  Capt. Richard Stephens, who died in 1636. They had  4 sons. After Stephen's death, Elizabeth married Gov. Harvey.

Abraham Piersey's will (proved 10 May 1633) allows for paying his debts in full, including land patents for persons imported by him since March 1620.




The Majors and their marriages by James Branch Cabell

https://www.geni.com/people/Abraham-Piersey-Sr/295308277430002260

  • Virginia immigrants and adventurers, 1607-1635: a biographical dictionary By Martha W. McCartney
https://books.google.com/books?id=orDbMGpInaQC&pg=PA215&lpg=PA215&dq=Elizabeth+Cole+1618&source=bl&ots=WG-9bdo0XK&sig=MuuEo7JkyuotFzvO6QSpvPYhGIE&hl=en&ei=1XHETLPNHYe-sAPx2Ii5BA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result#v=onepage&q=pierce&f=false